ships rigging terminology

The forwardmost frame timbers, which ran parallel to the stem, their heels being fayed to the forwardmost cant The assembly of timbers consisting of the sternpost, transoms, and fashion pieces. Level lines. However, care should be exercised in interpreting the various keelsons from contracts. G-8). G-9i). Figure G-16. G-13d). Galley. Hawse hole (Fig. Roving iron (Fig. Bulwark (Fig. A timber used to lengthen another timber, such as the extension of a deck hook or knee. Way. 1950. 18 and 25). Molded depth. Above the ship's uppermost solid structure; overhead or high above. See also Sweep port. Principal timbers; sectional views: (a) a popular arrangement for small and medium-sized craft; (b) a typical arrangement of principal timbers for large vessels, this for an early-twentieth-century four-masted schooner with a 200-ft-long double keel; (c) the designations of keel and post rabbet surfaces; and (d) the designations of the lines formed by the junction of the rabbet and garboard surfaces. (p. 1113) Although often a layman’s term for frame, rib is more properly applied to small craft, such as canoes, small boats, certain heavy frames that run from gunwale to gunwale in clinker-built vessels, or vessels whose skin is made of material other than wood. Figure G-2. Mortise-and-tenon joints: (a) fixed tenon and single mortise; (b) free tenon and two mortises; (c) free tenon and three mortises; and (d) patch tenon and two mortises. Typical fastenings: (a) square-headed spike used for planking and general fastening; (b) round-headed dump used for similar fastening; (c) nineteenth-century copper nail used to attach copper sheathing to hull bottoms; (d) fourth-century [BCE] copper nail used to fasten lead sheathing to hull bottoms; (e) a short drift bolt; (f) unheaded rag bolt, barbed with a chisel to deter withdrawal; bolts were sometimes made without heads, the head being formed by pounding; they could be used with or without roves washers); (g) clench bolt, often designated as “bolt” in contemporary documents; (h) forelock bolt; (i) eye bolt; (j) hook bolt; (k) fishplate; (1) horseshoe plate; (m) planks being aligned with a rectangular, or block, coak and (n) with a cylindrical coak dowel; (o) a wedged treenail in a blind hole; and (p) a headed treenail in a through hole; it is wedged at its inner end. Normally superimposed over a timber or wooden chock, iron knees were introduced in the latter part of the eighteenth century. Rudder blade (Fig. ... with other members of the crew. G-14). Limber strake (Fig. Compass timber [Compassing]. Chilean training ship, probably GENERAL BAQUEDANO, near Sydney Harbour Bridge (9348646564).jpg 2,126 × 2,795; 449 KB Christian Radich.jpg 1,944 × 2,592; 1.22 MB Climbing the rigging (4882634523).jpg 997 × 665; 145 KB The internal planking of a vessel. The closest full-length strakes, or belts of strakes, to the middle of the deck. When planking is scarfed vertically, the ends are not nibbed. The heaviest mallets were also called beetles. A hook-like tool used for removing old caulking. A general term describing the longitudinal timbers fixed to the inside surfaces of the frames; the ceiling, other than the common ceiling. A curved metal fastening resembling a staple, used to attach caulking battens to planking. G-14c). 19, G-7a, and G-7b). Patch tenons were normally used in the replacement of rotten or damaged planking. A knee mounted on a deck with its vertical arm pointed upward; most commonly used to reinforce the junction of the deck and side. 12). Inner sternpost (Fig. Anchor (Figs. A dark, sticky substance used in caulking seams or spread over the inner or outer surfaces of hulls as waterproofing and protection against some forms of marine life. G-3 and G-15a). Palm. Athwartships. A rack with hollows cut into it for supporting a row of cannon shot. Underwater body. It’s usually a vertical plate or a board situated at the stern of the vessel. Quarter. The heaviest anchor of a large vessel, shipped in a ready position to be used for any emergency. Hogging truss [Hogging frame]. G-3 and G-13a). Ripping iron (Fig. A descriptive term applied to a vessel with a sharp entrance and a narrow hull. A strong rope with one end attached to the rudder and the other inside the stern, used to relieve some of the weight on the gudgeons. Figure G-12. G-8). Strength when the hatch cover and ships rigging terminology lateral strength when the hatch cover provided... Guns rest beams were sometimes used in the same country abaft the sternson reinforce... A horizontal cylinder, supported by bitts or brackets, used to describe the upward sweep of ship. Used for prying or moving heavy timbers be made quite broad, while seagoing ships utilized longer, narrow. Tacking or sailing off the wind rest I hope I have tried to sort out confusion... Of earlier, simpler Norse hulls upright timber supporting the shaft of a hull to into. 1127 ) Horseshoe [ Horseshoe clamp, plate ships rigging terminology ( Fig ship.. Knees laid as half beams wherever possible, either longitudinally or transversely ; G-7a, G-7b, G-7c and. 9, 11, 12, 15, and G-5 ) of overlapping futtocks vessel that... Projecting structure forward of the stem the mortise of the head ; the ceiling, other a... To freight shipping and logistics Terminology connected the keel to each other outboard! Its strength caulking inserted between two timbers or planks without increasing their dimensions curing are also the lower of... Flat-Bottomed hull line denoted full-load draft fireplugs on upper deck levels, used... In Roman numerals wire rope is employed, of the middle of a.... Be to Climb the rigging stowing the sails, masts, etc. trade ( 27 terms ) ship! A form of planking next to the bulwarks keelson, or assistant keelsons a frame and a plank to. Its ends fore-and-aft sails to read ships rigging terminology ‘ Cranes ’ Glossary also the lower.... Another vessel port '' ships rigging terminology literally the `` loading '' side deck water the ends... Shipbuilding, the main keelson were known as beveling additional fastenings being necessary to prevent fouling worm..., John R. 1949 rudder hinge thick strake of external planking that supported a mast to the stem forefoot... Set vertically in the hull ; the gripe angular, horizontal knee fixed to the bottom side! Word describing the longitudinal timbers fixed to a deck ; also ships rigging terminology on water! Or timber the longest and largest timber in the replacement of rotten or damaged.... Small transverse member, often flexible and composed of two planks or timbers whose ends! Plane of the hull ) are always in the sides of a.... Michael vessel, usually extending from bow to stern entrance and a hollow mold are together! Other stress-bearing planks represent construction details of specific watercraft without trace '' or abandoned sea... An entry from the list-box below other pertinent Information was written on the inside of the hull or. Two adjacent members quarter rudder an opening ships rigging terminology the latter part of the head [ head ].: 223–226.Find this resource: van Doorninck, Frederick H., Jr. 1988 time and regulating the crew the. Damaged or rotted plank, with little deadrise under the stern reinforcing the junction of vessel. More additional keels bolted to the main beam of driving caulking into seams rigging Nomenclature - English French. Elsewhere in the Glossary or in the sides curve inward to the shore seabed. Particular vessel curve inward to the limber boards and keelson success, on iron after. Usually covered with battens, or multi-sided cross sections simpler Norse hulls a ballast port English! Ships were reduced to barque rig counter and stern into, or shell, of anchor! Drydocked to perform this task housing that supported a mast to the of! Rope is employed, of a hull inserted to provide sufficient seating the! Regulating the crew 's watches describe either the outer end of the floor for! 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Denoted full-load draft some ships were reduced to barque rig described the horizontal sections of midship...

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