piste ho chi minh

[10]:59 The units controlled fuel pipeline battalions. By Prince Norodom Sihanouk. Cette piste Hô Chi Minh est la légende la plus connue de la guerre du Viêt Nam, comme la « Route de Birmanie » pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale qui reliait l’Inde à la Chine par la Birmanie. [1]:202 The trail ran mostly in Laos, and was called by the communists the Trường Sơn Strategic Supply Route (Đường Trường Sơn), after the Vietnamese name for the Annamite Range mountains in central Vietnam,[2]:28 and the communists further identified the trail as either West Trường Sơn (Laos) or East Trường Sơn (Vietnam). These efforts were hindered by morning fog and overcast, and by the smoke and haze produced by the slash-and-burn agriculture practiced by the indigenous population. [8]:8–70 The 559th Group "flipped" its line of communications to the west side of the Trường Sơn mountains. On 14 December 1964, the U.S. Air Force's (USAF) "Operation Barrel Roll" carried out the first systematic bombardment of the Hồ Chí Minh trail in Laos. Watch Queue Queue. La grandeur de la piste Hô Chi Minh ou piste Truong Son était que le flux ne fut jamais interrompu, au coût élevé subi par ces troupes de génie et de transport et ces travailleurs civils du Cong Dan (littéralement « travailleurs »). [2]:88, After the initiation of U.S. naval interdiction efforts in coastal waters, known as Operation Market Time, the trail had to do double duty. On the previous day, three airmen from the squadron had scouted the target area south of Tchepone in a two-engine CIA aircraft piloted by a civilian employee. The supplies were then cached, loaded onto watercraft, or man-portered into South Vietnam. Piste ho chi minh | Van Geirt | ISBN: 2000045009486 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Since U.S. armed forces personnel were never officially acknowledged as being in Laos, the American ambassador to Laos became enraged that U.S. personnel had been spotted in uniform at the Laotian refueling field. Spatial Coverage. That night, at a party at one of the local CIA watering holes, the C-130 crews and the CIA operatives celebrated the successful mission. During 1968 the USAF undertook two experimental operations that it hoped would worsen the monsoons. On Thanksgiving evening, a traditional turkey dinner was delivered by helicopter to the troops in Laos by order of President Johnson. [17] In 1967 Senior Colonel (later General) Đồng Sỹ Nguyên assumed command of the 559th Group. Beste Hotels in Ho-Chi-Minh-Stadt bei Tripadvisor: Finden Sie 192.931 Bewertungen von Reisenden, authentische Reisefotos und Top-Angebote für 4.684 Hotels in Ho-Chi-Minh-Stadt, Vietnam. A revelation for U.S. intelligence analysts in late-1968 was the discovery of a petroleum pipeline running southwest from the northern port of Vinh. Piste Hô Chi Minh: Miller, Frederic P., Vandome, Agnes F., McBrewster, John: Amazon.com.au: Books United States officials had only estimates of its enemy's capabilities; intelligence collection agencies often conflicted with each other. During the year interdiction of the system had become one of the top American priorities, but operations against it were complicated by the limited forces available at the time and Laos's ostensible neutrality. Aujourd'hui, la piste Hô Chi Minh historique est doublée par l'autoroute Hô Chi Minh entièrement en territoire vietnamien pour le développement économique de la haute région. The target itself was a road cut sharply into a hillside on a long traverse. La piste célèbre Truong Son, la piste Ho Chi Minh, lors de la résistance contre les impérialistes américains, est utilisée par lArmée populaire du Vietnam pour ravitailler en nourriture et en matériel le front du Sud. Ho Chi Minh Trail, Vietnam. La piste Hô Chi Minh a été ce système circulatoire durant la deuxième guerre d’Indochine de réunification du Viêt Nam ou guerre du Viêt Nam, dans la langue approximative. Australian/Harvard Citation. Merci, Piste Ho Chi Minh . Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. In Laos, the agency began Operation Pincushion in 1962 to accomplish that goal. [11]:59 "Steel Tiger" was only one of several escalations approved under National Security Action Memorandum 328. Thanks to improvements to the trail system (including opening new routes that would connect to the Sihanouk Trail in Cambodia), the quantity of supplies transported during 1965 almost equaled the combined total for the previous five years. Cette voie a été construite par 5 régiments, 32 bataillons de 31 795 hommes et femmes du génie militaire en plus des 8 548 garçons et filles des « Jeunesses d’Avant-Garde » et des 3 219 civils recrutés parmi les paysans et montagnards, tous travaillaient par patriotisme et pour un supplément alimentaire. The drop itself went as planned, with good coverage over the road for about 800 metres (1⁄2 mi). [1]:202 According to the United States National Security Agency's official history of the war, the trail system was "one of the great achievements of military engineering of the 20th century". Das Frühstück ist aussergewöhnlich gut und reichhaltig. [4], Parts of what became the trail had existed for centuries as primitive footpaths that enabled trade. [17], Throughout the war, ground operations by conventional units were somewhat limited to brief incursions into border sanctuaries. [25]:358, PAVN forces began to squeeze in on the main line of the ARVN advance. Ils travaillaient tous pour un supplément de nourriture, du riz pur, alors que la ration ordinaire était du riz mélangé avec des haricots. "Project Popeye" was an attempt to indefinitely extend the rainy season over southeastern Laos by cloud seeding. By 1974 it was possible to travel a completely paved four-lane route from the Central Highlands to Tây Ninh Province, northwest of Saigon. This viewpoint pervaded some official U.S. government histories of the conflict. Ho-Chi-Minh-Stadt erhielt ihren Namen im Jahre 1976, nachdem Nord-und Südvietnam wiedervereinigt worden waren. Die kleine Bar und der Pool auf dem Dach sind toll angelegt, wenn auch ein bisschen versteckt, die obersten 2 Etagen sind nur durch ein schmales Treppenhaus erreichbar. Sections of the pipeline were still in use in the 1990s. Eventually, the last commo-liaison station in Laos or Cambodia was reached and the vehicles were unloaded. May be requested. [11]:255–283, This effort was supported by MACV-SOG recon teams, who, besides carrying out recon, wiretap, and bomb damage assessment missions for "Commando Hunt", also hand-placed sensors for "Igloo White". [2]:261 The history claimed that allied aircraft destroyed some 4,000 trucks during the 1970–71 dry season, of which the C-130s alone destroyed 2,432 trucks. Browse Shelf . À l’exception des points de départ de quelques dizaines de kilomètres en territoire vietnamien, la majeure partie est en territoire laotien et cambodgien avec des embranchements pour revenir discrètement au Viêt Nam et ravitailler les unités combattantes. Geirt, Van imprint [Paris] Édition spéciale [1971] description. Ho Chi Minh Highway; Normdatei Q695916 GND-Kennung: 4402603-1. Testing on the second operation, "Project Commando Lava", began on 17 May: scientists from Dow Chemical had created a chemical concoction that, when mixed with rainwater, destabilized the soil and created mud. [1]:74 During the First Indochina War the Việt Minh maintained north–south communications and logistics by expanding on this system of trails and paths, and called the routes the "Trans-West Supply Line" (running in south Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand) and the "Trans-Indochina Link" (running in north Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand). If a truck was disabled or destroyed, it was replaced from the assets of the next northern station and so on until it was replaced by a new one in North Vietnam. Eventually this new route extended past Siem Prang and reached the Mekong River near Stung Treng.[2]:382. By the end of 1968, bombing missions over southern Laos had climbed 300 percent, from 4,700 sorties in October to 12,800 in November. Alles zum Skifahren rund um Ho-Chi-Minh-Stadt. Sur la piste Hô Chi Minh (2/2) verpasst? Jetzt informieren über das Skigebiet bei Ho-Chi-Minh-Stadt und Skigebiete in der Nähe. [5]:26 Initially, the North Vietnamese effort concentrated on infiltration across and immediately below the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) that separated the two Vietnams. Declassified: Authority NND 873541. [10]:168, In July 1971, the Truong Son Army was reorganized into five divisional headquarters: the 470th, 471st, 472nd, 473rd, and the 571st. As U.S. aircraft came on station, traffic would subside until just before dawn, when fixed-wing gunships and night bombers returned to their bases. In comparison to the above DIA estimate, by the end of the year the North Vietnamese had completed 2,959 km of vehicle capable roads, including 275 kilometers of main roads, 576 kilometers of bypasses, and 450 entry roads and storage areas. Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required. [5]:27–28, Political considerations complicated aerial operations. Language. Il y avait aussi des files de bicyclettes conduites à pied, d’une main par une poignée du guidon, et de l’autre par un bâton vertical fixé au niveau de la selle, chargés de sacs qui parfois dépassaient en hauteur l’homme qui menait ce fardeau. Glotzdirekt.de! LA PISTE HO CHI MINH | GEIRT VAN | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. [2]:261, Colonel Quang and Major Phuoc would eventually build 5,000 km of pipeline and ship over 270,000 tonnes of petrol. [10]:92, Trucked supplies traveled in convoys from North Vietnam in relays, with trucks shuttling from only one way station to the next. La piste Ho Chi Minh Edition speciale [Paris] 1971. They were later collected downstream by nets and booms. [9], Human labour, pushing heavily laden bicycles, driving oxcarts, or acting as human pack animals, moving hundreds of tonnes of supplies in this fashion was quickly supplanted by truck transport—using Soviet, Chinese, or Eastern Bloc models—which quickly became the chief means of moving supplies and troops. format(s) Book Back; 0 Marked; Mark; Options Refworks Print Link Email Cite Request Get help Holdings. Loading... Close. By 1973, trucks could drive the entire length of the trail without emerging from the canopy except to ford streams or cross them on crude bridges built beneath the water's surface. The number of supply and maintenance personnel dropped, mainly due to increased use of motor and river transport and mechanized construction equipment. The responsibility to build the pipeline fell to Lieutenant Colonel Phan Tu Quang, who became the first Chief of the Fuel Supply Department, and Major Mai Trong Phuoc, who was the Commander of Road Work Team 18, the secret name for the workers who built the pipeline. The aircraft flew above 5,000 feet (1,500 m) until near the target area, then descended to treetop level for the run into the target, flying in trail formation with 1,000 feet (300 m) between aircraft. [28] Jockeying for control of more territory, both sides flagrantly violated the ceasefire and open hostilities began anew. Informationen für die Winterferien. By 1968 this was mainly composed of 37 mm and 57 mm radar-controlled weapons. Usually located one days march from one another, commo-liaison units were responsible for providing food, housing, medical care, and guides to the next way-station. The vehicles were then unloaded and reloaded onto "fresh" trucks at each station. L'intensification des combats dans le Sud a poussé les renseignements militaires américains, à travers l'OSS, embryon de la future CIA, à chercher en profondeur les sources d'approvisionnement matériel des combattants du Sud. [22]:20, The Laotian towns of Attapeu and Salavan, at the foot of the Bolaven Plateau were seized by the North Vietnamese during 1970, opening the length of the Kong River system into Cambodia. Lesen Sie „Air America - tome 1 - Sur la piste Ho Chi Minh T1/2“ von Wallace erhältlich bei Rakuten Kobo. En pleine guerre du Vietnam, las de bombarder des populations civiles, … [citation needed], In 1961 U.S. intelligence analysts estimated that 5,843 enemy infiltrators (actually 4,000) had moved south on the trail; in 1962, 12,675 (actually 5,300); in 1963, 7,693 (actually 4,700); and in 1964, 12,424. 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